What Is Year-Over-Year (YOY)?

Year-over-year (YOY)–sometimes called year-on-year is a frequently used financial comparison to view two or more tangible events on an annual basis. Perceptive YOY performances allow determining if a business’s financial performance is increasing or decreasing. For instance, you could look through the financial statements that show a particular company is rumored to have doubled its revenue in the third quarter from a YOY perspective, over the past 3 years.


“Year-over-year” (YOY) can be a method to evaluate two or more occasions to compare the results of one event against those of a similar amount on an annually-based basis.

*YOY comparisons are the most effective and reliable method to evaluate the financial performance of a company.

* Investors looking to evaluate the financial performance of a business can utilize the YOY report.

Understanding YOY

YOY comparisons are a well-known and reliable method to assess how the performance of financials for a firm and consequently the investment performance. Every measurable event that occurs every year will be evaluated on a YOY-based basis. The most common YOY comparisons include quarterly, annual or monthly results.

edges of YOY

YOY measures facilitate cross-checking of different datasets. For a company’s first-quarter revenue exploitation YOY knowledge, a securities analyst or a capitalist will compare years of first-quarter revenue data and quickly ascertain whether or not a company’s revenue is increasing or decreasing.

For instance, in the mid-moon period of 2021, the Coca-Cola company was reported to have that it would see a growth of 5% in revenues from the internet during the first month of this year’s previous quarter. When you look at comparable months over several years, it is possible to make accurate comparisons regardless of the seasonality of customer behaviour.3 This comparison of YOY can also be useful for investing portfolios. Investors like to study the performance of YOY to see how performance fluctuates across time.

Reasoning Behind YOY

The YOY benchmarks are a common feature when analysing a company’s performance because they help reduce seasonality, an aspect that affects the majority of businesses. Profits, sales and various other financial metrics fluctuate throughout the year since many lines of business are subject to the high season as well as the occasional demand season.

For instance, retailers experience the peak demand time during the summer season, which falls in the final quarter of the year. To accurately measure a business’s performance, it’s best to compare profits and revenue year-over-year.

It’s crucial to examine the performance of the fourth quarter for one year with the fourth-quarter results in other years. If the appearance of associate capitalists at retailers is during the 4th quarter, compared to the third quarter prior It could be that the business is experiencing an unprecedented expansion, even though its seasonality is causing the difference in the numbers. In a similar manner, when comparing the results between the 4th quarter versus the following quarter there could be an increase in sales, but it could be the result of seasonality.

YOY is also different from the term”sequential” which compares the time from one quarter to the previous one, allowing investors to view growth in a linear fashion. For example, the number of cell phones that a school sells in the fourth quarter, compared to the third quarter or the number of seats an airline filled in the month of January, compared with December.

Real-World Example

in the 2019 National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations report, the food manufacturer Company reported mixed results free from the quarter that ended in December showing that its YOY profit decreased even when sales increased after acquisitions of the company. Kellogg anticipated that its adjusted earnings would rise at a rate of 5to 7 per cent in 2019, due to its continued to explore alternative ways of distributing its products and formats.4

Kellogg also announced plans to revamp its North America associated Asia-Pacific segments by removing a number of divisions that were previously in place and reorganizing them into food manufacturers in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. While YOY earnings were declining the company’s strong presence and quick response to customer consumption patterns meant that Kellogg’s outlook overall was favorable.4


What is YOY used for?

YOY can be used to make comparisons between a single amount and one that’s one year older. This allows making an annualized comparison, such as between third-quarter profits this year and. third-quarter profits prior to. It is common to evaluate a company’s growth in revenues or profits and it’s also used to refer to annual changes in the quantity of cash in an economy or GDP, gross domestic production (GDP) as well as other economic indicators.

However, how is YOY calculated?

The calculations for YOY are easy and often presented in terms of shares. This could involve taking the current year’s value and dividing it by the previous year’s value, then subtracting the following: (this year) / (last year) 1.

What’s the difference between the two terms YOY and YTD?

YOY’s appearance over a 12-month change. Year to date (YTD) examines an improvement in comparison to the beginning of the calendar year (usually the month of January. 1.).

What happens if I’m curious about Comparisons that are less than One Year?

work out month-over-month|You’ll be able to work month-over-month|you’llwork out month-over month} and quarter-over-quarter (Q/Q) in a much similar way to the YOY. You can choose any period of time you’d like.

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By Alin

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